New York Department of Financial Services Issues New Standards for Virtual Currency Listings and Delistings



The New York Department of Financial Services (NYDFS) has recently released new regulations regarding virtual currency (coin) listings and delistings. These regulations apply to Bitlicensees and limited-purpose trust companies and include various business model considerations, risk assessment expectations, and advance notification requirements.

VCE Coin-Listing Policies

Under the latest guidance, virtual currency entities (VCEs) with prior approvals for coin-listing policies must now obtain NYDFS approval for both their coin-listing and coin-delisting policies before self-certifying any coins. Once both policies are approved by the NYDFS, VCEs are allowed to self-certify coins for activities in New York. However, without NYDFS-approved listing policies, VCEs will usually be limited to listing coins on the NYDFS Greenlist, unless they receive specific NYDFS approvals. The NYDFS also has discretionary authority to require VCEs to delist coins or restrict access for New Yorkers to non-Greenlist coins.


Coin-Listing Governance Requirements

It is now mandatory for VCEs to actively involve their board of directors or equivalent governing authority in the oversight of coin-listings. This includes annual approvals of the coin-listing policy, decision-making on new coin listings, and ensuring independence from those proposing coin listings or delistings. VCEs must also manage and disclose any conflicts of interest, maintain compliant recordkeeping accessible for NYDFS review, and promptly notify the NYDFS of any non-compliance or material changes to their coin-listing policy.

The governing authority must reassess the coin-listing policy annually to ensure ongoing risk mitigation and maintain independence from the initial recommendation process for listing or delisting coins. These enhanced governance requirements aim to improve risk management and regulatory compliance among VCEs.

Coin-Listing Risk Assessment Requirements

The NYDFS has provided greater clarity on the specific risks that VCEs must assess when considering coin-listings. These risks include technical design and technology, operational, cybersecurity, market and liquidity, illicit finance, legal, reputational, and regulatory risks. VCEs are also required to consider other factors that are specific to each coin and its uses, and incorporate NYDFS guidance on preventing market manipulation and other wrongful activities.

Furthermore, VCEs must identify and mitigate risks related to conflicts of interest by establishing policies and procedures that prevent such conflicts from influencing decisions, recommendations, and assessments for each coin under review. VCEs must also disclose any potential conflicts of interest related to coin-listing decisions to the public. Additionally, VCEs are responsible for treating all customers fairly and providing them with the full protection of applicable laws and regulations.

Limits of VCE Self-Certification

The new guidance imposes strict requirements on VCEs when self-certifying coins. Coins that are used to circumvent laws or conceal identities are ineligible for self-certification. Restrictions also apply to non-Greenlist stablecoins, exchange coins, and coins on protocols with decentralization concerns or significant concentration risks. VCEs must obtain NYDFS approval for listing such coins and provide a comprehensive risk assessment and specified business use case.

VCE Coin Monitoring

VCEs are now required to have robust monitoring policies for self-certified coins. These policies must ensure compliance with safety, customer protection, and regulatory standards, and include annual re-evaluations, risk management controls, and a clear coin-delisting policy. VCEs must also adhere to the NYDFS's guidance on blockchain analytics and comply with Bank Secrecy Act, anti-money laundering, and sanctions-related controls.

VCE Coin Delisting Requirements

The NYDFS has clarified its expectations regarding coin delistings by VCEs. VCEs must be prepared to discontinue support for coins that present elevated risks while ensuring the safety and soundness of their operations and the protection of customers and the public.

Coin-delisting policies must be comprehensive and align with the VCE's business model, operations, customer base, operational geographies, service providers, and coin characteristics. However, limited exceptions may apply with NYDFS approval. VCEs were required to meet with the NYDFS by December 8, 2023, to discuss draft coin-delisting policies, and final policies are due by January 31, 2024.

Delisting Governance Requirements

VCEs must obtain approval from their governing authority for their coin-delisting policies, conduct annual reviews for effective risk management, and maintain independence from those recommending coin listings or delistings. Accurate records must be kept and made available for NYDFS review, and the NYDFS must be notified in writing at least ten business days before delisting a coin. VCEs must provide a detailed rationale for delisting and a timeline. Significant changes to coin-delisting policies require written approval from the NYDFS.

Delisting Policy Requirements

Under the new guidance, coin-delisting policies must provide comprehensive outlines of the delisting process, including criteria thresholds for delisting and integration with the VCE's monitoring procedures. VCEs are advised to regularly review and update these procedures, considering potential triggers such as new findings, legal or regulatory changes, or directives from the NYDFS. Roles and responsibilities for each type of trigger event should be established to provide clear instructions for stakeholders.

Executing a delisting event involves providing at least 30 days' advance notice to customers (unless directed otherwise by NYDFS), answering customer questions, assisting with the sale of impacted coins, documenting all aspects of the delisting decision, conducting ongoing monitoring for safety and soundness, and assessing the impact on the VCE's operations, counterparties, and service providers.


The NYDFS's new standards for virtual currency listings and delistings aim to enhance governance, risk assessment, and regulatory compliance among VCEs. These regulations set strict requirements for self-certification and monitoring of coins, as well as comprehensive delisting policies. VCEs must ensure they meet these requirements to maintain compliance with NYDFS regulations and provide a safe and secure environment for their customers.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Are precious metals allowed in an IRA?

The answer to this question depends on whether the IRA owner wants to diversify his holdings into gold and silver or keep them for safekeeping.

There are two options for him if he wants to diversify. He could buy physical bars of gold and/or silver from a dealer or sell these items back to the dealer at the end of the year. He doesn't wish to sell any of his precious metal investments. He could keep the precious metals as long as he wants to.

Which is stronger? 14k Gold or Sterling Silver?

Gold and silver are strong metals, but sterling silver is much less expensive because it contains 92% pure silver rather than just 24%.

Sterling silver, also known as fine or sterling silver, is made of a combination of silver and other metals like copper and zinc.

Gold is usually considered to be extremely strong. It is very difficult to separate it from its metal counterpart. If you drop something on top of a chunk of gold it will shatter into thousands of pieces rather than breaking into two halves.

Silver isn't nearly as strong as either gold or silver. If you dropped something onto a sheet made of silver, it would most likely bend and fold easily without breaking.

Silver is often used to make jewelry and coins. Silver's value can fluctuate depending on the supply and demand.

Can I add gold to my IRA?

Yes! It is possible to add gold to your retirement plans. Gold is a great investment as it doesn't lose money over time. It is also immune to inflation. It is also exempt from taxes.

Before you invest in gold, make sure to understand its differences from other investments. Unlike stocks or bonds, you can't buy shares of gold companies. They can't be sold.

Instead, convert your gold to money. This means that you'll have to get rid of it. You cannot just keep it.

This makes gold an attractive investment. Like other investments, you can always dispose of them later. That's not true with gold.

You can't even use your gold as collateral to get loans. For example, if a mortgage is taken out, you may have to sell some of your gold in order for the loan to be paid.

What does all this mean? It's not possible to keep your gold for ever. It will eventually have to be converted into cash.


You don't need to worry. You only need to open an IRA account. Then, you can invest in gold.

Are precious metal IRAs a smart investment?

The answer depends on how much you are willing to risk an IRA account losing value. If you have $10,000 cash, they make sense as long as you don’t expect your IRA account to grow rapidly. These might not be the best options if you're looking to invest in assets that have the potential to rise in value (gold) and plan to save for retirement for many decades. You may also have to pay fees, which can reduce your gains.

Can you make a profit on a Gold IRA?

To make money from an investment you must first understand how it works and secondly what products are available.

Trading is not a good idea if you don’t know what you need.

It is important to find a broker who provides the best services for your account type.

You can choose from a variety of accounts, including Roth IRAs or standard IRAs.

If you have other investments such as bonds or stocks, you might also consider a rollover.

What is the best way to make money with a gold IRA?

Yes, it is possible. But not as many as you might think. It depends on how much you're willing to risk. If you are comfortable investing $10,000 annually for 20 years, you could potentially have $1 million at retirement age. You'll end up losing everything if you place all your eggs in the same basket.

Diversifying your investments is important. Gold does well when there is inflation. You want to invest in an asset class that rises along with inflation. Stocks can do this well as they rise when profits are increased. Bonds also do this well. They pay annual interest. So they're great during times of economic growth.

But what happens if inflation is not present? When there is no inflation, stocks and bonds will lose even more value. This is why investors should not invest all of their savings in one investment, such a bond mutual fund or stock mutual fund.

They should instead invest in a combination of different types of funds. They could invest both in stocks and bonds, for instance. They could also invest both in bonds and cash.

This way, they have exposure to both sides of the coin. Inflation and depression. They will still see a return in time.


  • SEP-IRA”Simplified employee pension” For self-employed people like independent contractors, freelancers, and small-business ownersSame tax rules as traditional IRASEP IRA contributions in 2022 are limited to 25% of compensation or $66,000, whichever is less4. (
  • If you accidentally make an improper transaction, the IRS will disallow it and count it as a withdrawal so that you would owe income tax on the item's value and, if you are younger than 59 ½, an additional 10% early withdrawal penalty. (
  • You can only purchase gold bars of at least 99.5% purity. (
  • The IRS also allows American Eagle coins, even though they do not meet gold's 99.5% purity standard. (

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How To

How to make your IRA a gold IRA

You want to convert your retirement savings from a traditional IRA to a gold IRA. This article will guide you through the process. Here's how to make the switch.

“Rolling over” refers to the act of transferring money into an alternative type of IRA (traditional), or vice versa (gold). This is done because tax advantages go along with rolling over an account. In addition, some people prefer investing in physical assets like precious metals.

There are two types of IRAs — Traditional IRAs and Roth IRAs. The difference between these two accounts is simple: Traditional IRAs allow investors to deduct taxes when they withdraw their earnings, while Roth IRAs don't. If you invest $5,000 in a Traditional IRA now, then you'll be able only to withdraw $4,000. The Roth IRA would allow you to keep every cent if you invested the same amount.

If you are looking to convert your traditional IRA into a gold IRA, here's what to know.

First, you will need to decide whether your current balance should be transferred to a new account. When transferring money, you'll pay income tax at your regular rate on any earnings that exceed $10,000. But if you choose to roll over your IRA, you won't be taxed on those earnings until you reach age 59 1/2.

After you have made your decision, you will need to open a new account. It is likely that you will be asked to prove your identity by providing proof such as a Social Security card or passport. After that, you'll need to sign paperwork proving you own an IRA. Once you have filled out the forms, your bank will receive them. They'll verify your identity and give instructions on where to send the checks and wire transfers.

Now comes fun. After you have received approval from the IRS, you will deposit cash to your new account. After approval, you'll receive a letter stating that funds can be withdrawn.

That's it! Now you can just sit back and enjoy the growth of your money. Keep in mind that if your mind changes about converting your IRA to another type, you can simply close it and transfer any remaining balance to a new IRA.


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